(Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis)
The Honeysuckle Family (Caprifoliaceae)

Elderberry is a tall, multi-stemmed bush with compound, opposite, deciduous leaves, clusters of small, white flowers and small purplish-black drupes.


Alluvial forests, bogs, ditches, common to riparian zones.

Interesting Facts: 

Ripe berries, which contain high levels of vitamin C, flowers and young shoots can be eaten; but the roots, stems, unripe berries and leaves have chemicals that can be mildly poisonous. Medicinal uses of elderberry include treatment of colds and flu; as a purgative, laxative and antiseptic; in addition it has been used as an insect repellent.

Small, purple-black, berrylike drupe, up to .25" in diameter.
Small, white, flat-topped clusters up to 8" across, appearing in summer.
Wildlife value: 
Berries are a common food source for more than 50 birds and many mammals, and the flowers attract native bees and beneficial insects.
Leaf type: 
Wildlife value: 
Tree dimensions: 

Leaf length: 8.00-14.00 inches
Tree height: 6.00-12.00 feet

Where to find Elderberry on the Louisiana State Arboretum Trails:

WAB - Walker Branch Trail 15.0

Refer to our Live Map to locate this species and its interpretative signage on the trail system.