(Ilex vomitoria)
The Holly Family (Aquifoliaceae)

Yaupon is a small, sometimes multi- trunked tree or shrub with alternate, evergreen leaves.


Grows in a variety of soil conditions and is found in many habitat types from wetland edges to dry pine forests.

Interesting Facts: 

The leaves of Yaupon can be dried and made into a caffeinated tea. Native Americans made an especially strong tea called the Black Drink and used it as a purgative in special ceremonies.

Shiny, bright red drupe about .5“.
All flowers are white with 4 petals and about .5“ in diameter. Male flowers are found in large clusters on a separate tree. Female flowers are single or in groups of 2 or 3.
Wildlife value: 
The twigs and leaves are browsed by deer and the fruit is eaten by many birds, raccoons, and black bears.
Female Flowers
Male Flowers
Leaf type: 
Wildlife value: 
Tree dimensions: 

Leaf length: 1.50-1.50 inches
Tree height: 15.00-30.00 feet

Where to find Yaupon on the Louisiana State Arboretum Trails:

TER - Walker Terrace 33.0

Refer to our Live Map to locate this species and its interpretative signage on the trail system.