(Magnolia acuminata)
The Magnolia Family (Magnoliaceae)

Medium-sized tree with simple, large, alternate, deciduous leaves. Short, straight, stout trunk with furrowed gray-brown bark, narrow crown, and upright to spreading branches.


Well drained, but moist hardwood sloped forest.

Interesting Facts: 

Immature seed pod resembles a small, lumpy cucumber. Fruit and bark are used by herbalists to treat a number of health issues including malaria, stomach ailments and toothaches.

2.5 -3” long, cone-like, greenish at first, then turning pinkish red at maturity.
Bell-shaped, yellow-green to bright yellow, 2.5 - 3.5” wide. Not showy, for usually hidden in leaves at the top of the tree. Edible.
Wildlife value: 
Birds and small mammals eat the seed, deer browse the twigs.
Leaf type: 
Wildlife value: 
Tree dimensions: 

Leaf length: 6.00-12.00 inches
Tree height: 50.00-80.00 feet

Where to find Cucumber Tree on the Louisiana State Arboretum Trails:

TER - Walker Terrace 1.0

PAW - Pawpaw Loop Trail 15.0

Refer to our Live Map to locate this species and its interpretative signage on the trail system.